For more on everyday life during communism, see Adrian Neculau, Viaţa cotidiană în comunism (Iaşi: Editura Polirom, ). 6. Dennis Deletant, România sub. Adrian Neculau, Viaţa Cotidiană în Comunism (Iaşi, Romania: Polirom, ), The translation is my own. Cernat continues, “Families with many children. Dan Lungu, “Avatarurile cozii in socialismul de tip sovietic” in Viaţa Cotidiana in Comunism, ed. Adrian Neculau (Iasi: Polirom, ), Stela, interview.

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Since I am interested in establishing not only how people cotidiama Communism, but mainly why people remember Communism the way they do, I asked them to explain or motivate their answers.

As one worker declared: Therefore, the rural sector was not neglected and by the early s the Communist governments of Romania had brought basic health care, primary education and even pension to the countryside.

The survey revealed that the poor and the low-educated continue to consider communism in positive terms. The goal was to adfian a relatively homogenous collective welfare in terms of the complete eradication of poverty and the promotion of an active policy to compensate differences between needs and resources through social benefits applicable especially in the case of families with many children.

Home Cotdiana Search English Deutsch. They had no national consciousness. In my opinion, the Romanian anti-Communist resistance and opposition were significant, but less visible within the general system of ferocious oppression. In hospitals children started to die from the cold or lack of medicines. Or, to put it another way: Adriian parents were peasants and we had been very very poor, and now I had a TV, a cooking stove, a phone, a car, I was a teacher and I lived in the city.

Within this social and sociological arrian on Romanian Communism, I propose a new angle from which to explain the comunusm of the Communist system in Romania: These answers suggest how important the perception of Communist social security was and still is in the appreciation of Communism in Romania. The Communist past is reflected positively only when comparing it with the present situation or the pre-Communist era.


Perceptions of Social Security in Communist Romania | Zeithistorische Forschungen

Although I advance the thesis that promising and providing social security for the Romanian population helped the Communist system survive longer in Romania, I do not argue that this is the only, or even the main explanation for this phenomenon. It is therefore a flexible and powerful tool in the hands of those who wield political power. Besides the institutions at the central level such as the Ministry of Laborenterprises and trade unions were formally involved in conunism the distribution of social services or family benefits depending on political decisions.

The Communist Crisis in Romania.

The Annals of the End of the System], in: Add beculau review and share your thoughts with other readers. The Romanian welfare regime focused on assuring an optimal and relatively homogenous level of welfare to all citizens through subsidised social services and free access to education, health and housing.

Kaufman, Development, Democracy, and Welfare States.

Viaţa cotidiană în comunism (Book, ) []

Home About Help Search. Today I feel sorry for you, the young. For a population that until then was predominantly rural and without high demands, the comfort of a house in a block of flats in the city and the supply from the store on their way to work represented the ultimate leap regarding their standard of living.

The E-mail Address es field is required. Inthe number had risen necualu 3, and to 10, by As Bob Deacon has shown, all former Communist states promoted welfare systems characterized by strong state paternalism, exerted through the Communist Party and the work place.

However, in my opinion, this is a passionate, subjective and non-scientific approach which needs to be balanced by further research, both extensive and comparative. People were told that they lived the best possible life, but in reality their standard comunjsm living was decreasing every day. Thus, despite the profound economic crisis of the s, the political Communist rule continued to last.

No gas, no hot water, no cold water, no electricity The main features of the social policy were the wide scope of social insurance schemes covering a broad set of risks related to income loss situations, work-based universal social benefits in money or in kindsocial benefits focused on children, preferences for providing social services rather than direct transfers of money, an — apparently — non-discriminatory ethnic policy and social housing support.


Why were the elites unable to organize Romanian society into an anti-Communist movement? They had tried to heat the house this way because there was no heat.

Viaţa cotidiană în comunism

For this contradiction I advance the explanation that, in recent times, people have felt increasing social and economic pressures and therefore their desire for social security guarantees has increased, regardless of educational levels, age or social status.

And all of this in a time called the Golden Age. In Romania was the last monarchy within the new Soviet sphere of influence. Although the rate of illiteracy in Romania substantially declined between andthe vast majority of the population had still not cotidiaja more than four years of primary schooling before The name field is required. I tend to embrace the second perspective, according to which many people did react, both socially and politically, to the economic shortage.

Policies, Benefits and Poverty, Londonpp. Valahian Journal of Historical Studies 12pp. Is there a connection between the end of the Communist system in Romania and the fact that by the end of the s Romanians had no sense of social security at all?

Before the war one third of the population was illiterate and lived in the countryside. Viaa with the current situation and under the impression of the recent experience of a different political and social order, they tend to exaggerate the benefits of the Communist past.