Abstract Barleria prionitis Linn. (Family: Acanthaceae) is a well-known perennial, Ayurvedic herb distributed in the tropical Asia, Africa and Yemen. The whole. B. prionitis is a fast growing perennial plant widely commercialized as an ornamental to be planted in open sunny areas in gardens, yards, and. Erect armed shrubs, spines ca. cm long. Leaves to x cm, elliptic, acute, mucronate, base cuneate, sparsely puberulus, ciliate on the margins, gland.

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The risk of introduction of B. Datasheet Barleria prionitis porcupine flower. The filaments are hairy and about This species is also spread by humans as an ornamental. Antiinflammatory and analgesic effects of Phlomis lanceolata boiss.

Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. Plants of South Africa. In barletia anthelmintic activity of fruit extract of Barleria prionitis Linn.

Delagoa Bay barleria, porcupine flower. Research Journal of Phytochemistry Volume 6 2: However, the intraperitoneal LD 50 was determined as mg kg -1 for the aqueous fraction in mice Singh et al. May also be referred to include anatomy. The extract also arrested the diabetes mediated weight loss Dheer and Bhatnagar, The antifertility effect of root extract may be due to the presence of iridoid glycosides barlerin and acetyl barlerin via affecting the functions of testicular somatic cells Gupta et al.

Review Article Barleria prionitis Linn.: India Biodiversity Portal, This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.


Chemistry and propertiesDr. The lower leaves in the inflorescence are more or less like the normal leaves and the upper leaves are usually much smaller. Promising Indian Barlerias of Ornamental Potential. Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Leaves are smooth, opposite, ovate-elliptic to obovate, acuminate, tapering to base, bristle-tipped and about cm long and cm wide.

In Australia, it was declared a noxious environmental weed in Weeds of Australia, The corolla petals of the flower is 2-lipped. In indigenous system of medicine in India, the juice of B. In vitro antimicrobial activity of some Saudi Arabian plants used in folkloric medicine. Risk and Impact Factors Top of page Invasiveness Proved invasive outside its native range Has a broad native range Abundant in its native range Highly adaptable to different environments Is a habitat generalist Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc Pioneering in disturbed areas Highly mobile locally Benefits from human association i.

Evaluation of iridoid glycosides from leave of Barleria prionitis as an anti-diarrhoeal activity: The outer calyx-lobes are mucronate, ovate-oblong and inner lobes are mucronate, linear-lanceolate. The flowers are used internally for the treatment of migraine, internal abscesses, oedema, haemoptysis, urethral discharges, seminal disorders and reduce obesity Khare, Online Portal of India Biodiversity.

Barleria prionitis subsp. delagoensis | Plantz Africa

Potency of Barleria prionitis L. What code is in the image? Click here to register. Sandy, Loam Flowering season: When the seed is ripe the fruit capsule explodes to distribute the seeds in different directions.


Antifungal, acetylcholinesterase inhibition, antioxidant and phytochemical properties of three Barleria species. It is possibly also naturalised in the coastal regions of northern Western Australia i. Journal of Biogeography, Lowveld National Botanical Garden.

Barleria prionitis

These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. Weed Management Guide – Barleria or porcupine flower Barleria prionitis. Natural History Natural History Cyclicity. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. New iridoids from the medicinal plant Barleria prionitis with potent activity against respiratory syncytial virus.

Barleria prionitis | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

Revision of the Genus Barleria Acanthaceae in India. They may also be dispersed by water and in dumped garden waste. The authors are grateful to Dr. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barleria prionitis. A review of its ethnobotany, phytochemical and pharmacological profile. It has a single seed capsule bearing two seeds. Although each of these features occurs in other Acanthaceae species, their regular co-occurrence is restricted to Barleria Balkwill and Balkwill, The fruit capsule is ovoid, 2 seeded and about 1.

The acetone, methanol and ethanol extracts of B. The outer lobes are 1. Barleria Plants described in Acanthaceae stubs. NauruIndian i.