He described the Ginkgo in his work “Amoenitatum Exoticarum” (Lemgo, ). It is assumed that Kaempfer saw a Ginkgo tree for the first time in his life in Nagasaki in February Later Kaempfer brought Ginkgo-seeds to Holland. KAEMPFER, ENGELBERT, German physician and traveler to Russia, the Orient, and the Far East (b. Lemgo, Westphalia, 16 September ;. English: Engelbert Kaempfer (September 16, – November 2, ), a German naturalist and physician is known for his tour of Russia.

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The purpose of the Swedish legation was to gain direct access to the much-coveted Oriental goods and raw materials, thereby avoiding the added costs of the Dutch carrying trade and of the long sea routes off South Africa. Curious Scientific and Medical Observations. His manuscripts in the British Library reveal how intensively he tried to understand the plan of the Persian capital. Idem, Engelbert Kaempfer Muntschick, Marburg, [contains the fourth part of the Amoenitates ].

When he visited Buddhist monks in Nagasaki in Februaryhe was the first western scholar to describe the tree Ginkgo biloba.

Afterwards he decided not to return with the legation, but to proceed further engelbery Asia for more studies. Kaempfwr using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Inhe married sixteen-year-old Maria Sophia Wilstach, but their marriage was not a happy one. Acquiring a very liberal education and preparing himself for the profession of Physick physicianKaempfer quickly showed himself to be naturally brilliant and inquisitive, with a remarkable capacity for learning foreign languages.

European Travelers on the Iranian Monuments: A first attempt had failed in The revised edition by Beatrice Bodart-Bailey contains most of the important descriptions and comments and is very easy to read. Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Kaempfer was able to enter the country at Nagasaki and spent two years in Japan studying its history, customs, and plant life. Its ports were closed to trade with foreign countries.


This page was last edited on 15 Novemberat Introduction Engelbert Kaempfer was born In Germany into a family of a vicar. Lemgo – Geburtsort Engelbert Kaempfer His treatise on the cure of colic Japanese senki using needles and his presentation of a Japanese “Moxa-mirror” had a considerable influence on the reception of Far Eastern medicine in 18th-century Europe.

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Engelbert Kaempfer

Kaempfer was born on 16 September at Lemgo, Germany, a small medieval town in the area of Westphalia, belonging to the Count of Lippe. The trees have survived to the 21st century. His manuscripts and collected objects was bought by Sir Hans Sloane, a collector and author. Kaempfer paid him a handsome salary and taught him everything he wanted to know; in return the young man brought Kaempfer every book he wanted and answered his many questions.

The mandatory annual trips, which took one month each, kept the Japanese rulers informed of Europe and its civilization.

Find it in our catalog! Zijn verslagen worden beschouwd als de belangrijkste 18e-eeuwse Europese bronnen over Japan. Kaempfer was one of the greatest Engelbett travelers and scientists of the late 17th century. Yet his reputation and experience would not allow him so private a pursuit, and soon the Count de Lippe, his sovereign Prince, appointed Kaempfer to be his personal physician.

His History of Japanpublished posthumously inwas the chief kae,pfer of Western knowledge about the country for more than a century. Kaempfer returned to Holland by way of Java, entered the University of Leiden and received his doctorate in medicine.

Although his family was not rich, they possessed quite a good library.

This page was last edited on 18 Novemberat Inat age 32, he managed to be engaged as secretary to the Royal Swedish Ambassador Extraordinary on a special mission to Persia, where he stayed until Most important, as Kaempfer describes it in his History of Japanhe won the friendship and assistance of. For upwards of a hundred years, when Japan was closed to foreigners, it was the chief source of information for the general reader.


Engelbert Kaempfer – Cincinnati History Library and Archives

His method entailed collecting as much data as possible in order to convey a complete picture of a foreign culture to his readers. In Japan adopted a foreign relations policy of seclusion Sakoku that was in force until Woodcut of torpedo, kaemper E.

The first biographical study was written by the Swiss Johann Caspar Scheuchzer, who translated his magnum opus into English Kaempfer, In Kaempfer reached Isfahanthen the Persian capital. Kaempfer settled in his native city of Lemgo, where he became the physician of the Count of Lippe.

Of paramount importance is his drawing of a part of the inscriptions, later printed in the Amoenitatesp. He attended Latin schools in Lemgo, Hameln, the Gymnasia of Luneburg and Lubeck, and the Athenaeum of Danzig, and studied at universities in Thorn, Cracow, where he received a master’s degreeand Koenigsberg from to That he was an inveterate traveler is evident in his schooling. At that time all foreigners had to stay engelbegt a very small island called Deshima, which was connected to the city of Nagasaki with a well garded bridge.

He was one of the keenest observers of foreign cultures of his time. He brought some Ginkgo seeds back that were planted in the botanical garden in Utrecht. Guided tours Fngelbert tours Online booking. With the publication kamepfer Kaempfer’s influential and popular book in the Western world understood, for the first time, the connection between soybeans and soyfoods Hymowitza.

The only shortcoming perhaps is that not all of the pictures are included.

Encyclopædia Iranica

During the journey Kaempfer exhibited a constant interest in historical sites, landscapes, and natural curiosities. Foreigners were not allowed to leave Deshima on the pain of death except for special occasions.

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